Australia is a desirable destination for renewable energy investment. An Ernst & Young report has ranked us at number 11 globally in their October 2016 issue of Renewable Energy Country Attractiveness Index. Despite the impressive ranking, the Index indicates that a limited number of long-term power purchase agreements (PPA) had come to fruition and investment is being held back because developers were after longer contracts, rather than most of the short-term contracts currently on offer.
Furthermore, a 2015 Beyond Zero Emissions report highlights that although we have one of the highest production potentials for renewable energy in the world, Australia is on the back foot. Our strong preference for fossil fuel energy coupled with an outdated electricity network have been obstacles to reaching renewable targets and meeting global expectations.
So, we have this potential to become a renewable energy superpower, but why are we being held back? And what could we do to make this a smooth transition?
Align energy and climate policy
Australia’s current electricity policy remains quite narrow and confined, simply setting out to achieve a reliable supply in an effective way. The National Electricity Objective highlights this limitation and a lack of clear focus on climate policy. Energy and climate policy are intrinsically linked—particularly as we edge closer towards 2020—so our national policy should ideally reflect a synergy between the two, and provide an environment that facilitates binding long-term targets for emissions reductions and renewable energy.
Update the networks
A major roadblock for the growth of Australia’s renewable sector is the restrictive nature of our state-based networks. Renewable-friendly decisions are currently in the hands of each state’s network businesses, however their main priority is to guarantee reliable supply. Different modelling is required for renewable energy to be effective nation-wide. Achieving this would require strategic and binding planning across the entire National Electricity Market (NEM), which could involve the introduction of a regulator to oversee the national system and enable renewable energy initiatives.
Incentivise green initiatives
There are no incentives for ‘greening’ the networks or planning beyond state borders in the current regulatory framework. This forms part of the reason why the sector is falling behind in comparison to other highly ranked destinations for renewable energy investment. Once green incentives are introduced to make it more attractive for businesses, then the initiatives are sure to follow.
Benefits for the engineering sector
In a media release from the Victorian Premier and Minister for Energy, Environment & Climate Change, it is expected that by 2025 up to 5400 megawatts of new large-scale renewable energy capacity will be built in the state, bringing with it an estimated $2.5 billion of investment and more than 4000 additional jobs in the renewable energy sector. This signals good news for engineers looking to either progress into this industry or for those who currently work within it.
The Victorian Government’s investment into the local economy and engineering sector is complementary to the Commonwealth’s Renewable Energy Target. Plus, with government backing at both state and federal levels, our global presence as a renewable energy superpower will be strengthened and provide an inviting environment for long-term investment contracts.
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